The biodiversity in Peru is enormous and unique, 3000 to 4000 varieties of potatoes, 52 varieties of corn, 163 varieties of tomatoes, 7590 varieties of flowers that exist only there, 4400 varieties of butterflies, 3 varieties of cocoa, avocados, cotton. We use only a few varieties of each crop in Europe. If these were to get infected with diseases, we would have to return to Peru to use another one.

The Amazon is the largest river in the world, the largest source of plant biodiversity. Most of our medicines come from the Amazon.

But this biodiversity is in danger. To extract gold, all it takes is a bulldozer and mercury to separate the earth from the gold. This mercury is not recovered in containers but is rejected into the Amazon, giving it a gray color. It is a poison that destroys everything. The companies that exploit the gold scrape the land down to the rock, destroying everything with no chance to grow back because the rock is bare, expelling without further ado the inhabitants who are exiled to Lima, a metropolis in the desert with 9 million inhabitants that can not decently accommodate them. 6000 hectares of Amazonia are destroyed every year.

The companies that exploit these resources have more means than the government itself; they use violence and are not held responsible in their countries of origin.

The UN intervenes through an education program and there are draft laws in the countries of origin to hold these companies accountable.

Biodiversidad en el Peru – Lima 2019: https://www.lima2019.pe/biodiversidad-en-el-peru

Catalogo-Papas – Ministerio de la agricultura del Peru: https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/89110/CIP-Catalogo-Papas-Junin-FINAL.pdf?sequence=6&isAllowed=y

Oro y bosques, incompatibles en la Amazonía peruana – El Pais: https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/11/22/planeta_futuro/1511358033_282056.html

Biopirates loot the Amazon – The Irish Times: https://www.irishtimes.com/news/biopirates-loot-the-amazon-1.284575

Owed to Nature: Medicines from Tropical Forests – Rainforest Trust: https://www.rainforesttrust.org/owed-to-nature-medicines-from-tropical-forests/

Peru Scrambles to Drive Out Illegal Gold Mining and Save Precious Land – New York Times: https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/26/world/americas/peru-illegal-gold-mining-latin-america.html

Gold mining leaves heart of Peruvian Amazon a wasteland – PBS: https://youtu.be/FrHuqT1zpVM

Why Switzerland stuggles with dirty gold: tales from Peru – swissinfo: https://stories.swissinfo.ch/gold-peru-switzerland-mining-metalor#234887

Pandora or Peru: Resisting the mining multinationals – Aljazeera: https://www.aljazeera.com/opinions/2012/8/30/pandora-or-peru-resisting-the-mining-multinationals

Mathieu Henderson (@Mat__Henderson) Tweeted: Alors que l’initiative “Entreprises responsables” est rejetée à la maj. des cantons, les sympathisants du texte parlent déjà de nouvelles propositions. Ils comptent aussi “regarder si les multinationales ne commettent pas de violations graves”. Le cons.national PS Baptise Hurnihttps://t.co/KQ2jlkS5ff

Switzerland is so rich that it’s flushing gold and silver down the toilethttp://a.msn.com/01/en-us/AAtiPuV?ocid=se

Geneva toilets flush with cash as 500-euro bank notes cause blockageshttp://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-09-19/geneva-toilets-flush-with-cash/8958908

Charlie Chaplin – Montreux – Veveyhttps://www.myswitzerland.com/en-ch/charlie-chaplin-montreux.html

I

SHE was scared
by all these men dying at sea
— in this dangerous impetuous Galician sea.

So they had crossed the ocean,
fleeing the poverty and famish of their village,
— called Orro for it was close to the gold and God of Santiago.

And they found this land,
where, he, the fisherman, became a bus driver;
on this safe land where they ate
Empanada de carne instead of
Empanada de bacalao.

But many years later,
back in Galicia,
she was still so scared
by this very same sea.

II

SHE was scared
By all these men dying at sea
— In this dangerous impetuous Galician sea.

So they had crossed the ocean,
Fleeing the poverty and famish of their village,
— Called Orro for it was close to the gold and God of Santiago.

And they found this land,
Where, her husband, a fisherman, became a bus driver;
Where she rolled cigars,
On this safe land where they ate
Empanada de carne instead of
Empanada de bacalao.

Her son studied and taught chemistry at Montevideo University.
She was scared knowledge would burn his head.
He was scared police would arrest him
For Molotov cocktails he did not make.
He fled to the first country
That gave him a scholarship.
He became French.

But he was scared for life.
Non podería escapar do medo,
Il était devenu paranoïaque.

Back in Galicia,
She was still so scared
By this very same sea.
¡Hay que comer! became her daily refrain
As she could not forget the days of famish.
She died falling in her bath.

Her son didn’t die in the water,
He chose his death;
He chose not to eat anymore
And drown into beer.

Drown into fear
or escaping it at last?

Aurianne Or