Meat and environment, is that possible?

No, if meat is responsible for the current pollution, it does not mean that we should stop eating meat.

There will always be meat (old hens, cows, etc.) because without it, we would have to produce much more fruit and vegetables to provide the protein we need.
On the other hand, it is possible to eat less meat and only meat that is produced in a much more environmentally friendly production system. Cattle, in particular, can find grass in marginal pastures (roadsides, embankments, mountains, waste, etc.) without having to gain land on agricultural and forest land (corn, wheat, etc.).
Livestock is not the result of natural selection but of human selection. Species are selected for particular conditions (disease resistance for example) but they can also be selected according to environmental criteria (a cow that metabolizes grass better and produces less CO2). 28% of animal pollution is related to the control of diseases due to their concentration.

There is a huge margin for reducing pollution (CO2 and methane) by changing production methods (breeding and animal selection). “For example, in Japan, 52% of waste from the food industry is now used as livestock feed, thanks to adequate policies and a certification system” (FAO).

Livestock solutions for climate change – FAO: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i8098e.pdf

Veggieworld: Why eating greens won’t save the planet | New Scientist: https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20727691-200-veggieworld-why-eating-greens-wont-save-the-planet/

En Français dans Courrier International, Renoncer à la viande est une fausse bonne idée:
https://www.courrierinternational.com/article/2011/02/17/renoncer-a-la-viande-une-fausse-bonne-idee

Livestock and landscapes – FAO: http://www.fao.org/3/ar591e/ar591e.pdf

CETA is a democratic crime because it allows Canada to sell products in Europe that do not respect the environment, workers and consumers. This is unfair to European workers who are bound by standards. It is up to Europe and North America to adapt and adopt a more environmentally friendly industry because, in addition, they alone account for half of the world’s pollution.

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator

How to green the world’s deserts and reverse ClimateChange | Allan Savory | TEDTalks: https://youtu.be/vpTHi7O66pI  

CO2 Global World Atlas – greenhouse gases data: http://www.globalcarbonatlas.org/en/CO2-emissions

CETA threatens food safety even before national parliaments sign off – Green Peace: https://www.greenpeace.org/eu-unit/issues/democracy-europe/880/ceta-threatens-food-safety-even-before-national-parliaments-sign-off/

https://youtu.be/xEIyGQ74-no%26feature%3Dyoutu.be

French parliament approves controversial EU-Canada trade deal CETA: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xEIyGQ74-no&feature=youtu.be

Voiture , Industrie , viande … Quelles sont les causes du réchauffement climatique  en France ? – Le Monde: https://www.lemonde.fr/les-decodeurs/article/2019/07/08/voiture-industrie-viande-quelles-sont-les-causes-du-rechauffement-climatique-en-france_5486767_4355770.html

Viande et environnement, est-ce possible?

Non, si la viande est responsable de la pollution actuelle, cela ne signifie pas qu’il faut arrêter de manger de la viande. 

Il y aura toujours de la viande (vieilles poules, vaches, etc) car sans elle, il faudrait produire beaucoup plus de fruits et légumes pour fournir les protéines dont nous avons besoin. 

Par contre, il est possible de manger moins de viande et seulement celle qui est produite dans un système de production beaucoup plus respectueux de l’environnement. Les bovins, en particulier, peuvent trouver de l’herbe dans les pâtures marginales (bords de route, talus, montagne, déchets, etc) sans avoir à gagner du terrain sur les terres agricoles et forêt (maïs, blé, etc.). 

Le bétail n’est pas issu de la sélection naturelle mais de la sélection humaine. On sélectionne les espèces pour des conditions particulières (résistance aux maladies par exemple) mais on peut aussi les sélectionner selon des critères environnement (une vache qui métabolise mieux l’herbe et produit moins de CO2). 28% de la pollution animale est lié à la lutte contre les maladies dues à leur concentration. 
Il y a une énorme marge de réduction de la pollution (CO2 et méthane) en changeant les méthodes de production (élevage et sélection des animaux). “For example, in Japan, 52% of waste from the food industry is now used as livestock feed, thanks to adequate policies and a certification system”(FAO).

Livestock solutions for climate change – FAOhttp://www.fao.org/3/a-i8098e.pdf

Veggieworld: Why eating greens won’t save the planet | New Scientist: https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20727691-200-veggieworld-why-eating-greens-wont-save-the-planet/

En Français dans Courrier International, Renoncer à la viande est une fausse bonne idée:
https://www.courrierinternational.com/article/2011/02/17/renoncer-a-la-viande-une-fausse-bonne-idee

Livestock and landscapes – FAO: http://www.fao.org/3/ar591e/ar591e.pdf

Le CETA est un crime démocratique car il permet au Canada de vendre en Europe des produits non respectueux de l’environnement, des travailleurs et des consommateurs. C’est déloyal envers les travailleurs européens qui sont tenus de respecter des normes. C’est à l’Europe et à l’Amérique du Nord à s’adapter et à adopter une industrie plus respectueuse de l’environnement car, en plus, ils représentent à eux-seuls la moitié de la pollution mondiale.

How to green the world’s deserts and reverse ClimateChange | Allan Savory | TEDTalks: https://youtu.be/vpTHi7O66pI 

CO2 Global World Atlas – greenhouse gases data: http://www.globalcarbonatlas.org/en/CO2-emissions

CETA threatens food safety even before national parliaments sign off – Green Peace: https://www.greenpeace.org/eu-unit/issues/democracy-europe/880/ceta-threatens-food-safety-even-before-national-parliaments-sign-off/

https://youtu.be/xEIyGQ74-no%26feature%3Dyoutu.be

French parliament approves controversial EU-Canada trade deal CETA: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xEIyGQ74-no&feature=youtu.be

Voiture , Industrie , viande … Quelles sont les causes du réchauffement climatique  en France ? – Le Monde: https://www.lemonde.fr/les-decodeurs/article/2019/07/08/voiture-industrie-viande-quelles-sont-les-causes-du-rechauffement-climatique-en-france_5486767_4355770.html

To read this article in English: https://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/186952976825/meat-and-environment-is-that-possible-no-if

Fight food waste: https://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/167238702645/fight-food-waste-buy-only-what-you-need-invent

Le parapluie à cachetons: tmblr.co/ZprwNe2Wj35He

Why wait 2000 years to adopt a natural and more efficient way to grow food?

“The recycling of organic wastes was perfected over centuries in Europe. But their Nitrogen content is only 0.5% and the heavy labor of collecting and distributing up to 40 tons of wastes per acres of city execra resulted in an overall loss of 60% of energy loss per cultivated acre.

Green manuring was used by ancient Greek and Romans and in East Asia. Nitrogen fixing leguminous can replenish the soil over 4 months when cultivated in alternance with crops.

But it was only between 1750 1880 that the generalization of rotations of legume over crops enabled high yelds, intensive agricultural system and a greater variety of diet.”

Vaclav Smil – Energy and Civilization

CRISPR-Cas9

image

A single shot to cure a disease that today requires lifelong medication costing 10k USD per year.


– The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 – Emmanuelle Charpentier & Jennifer A. Doudna: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2020/press-release/

– MIT technology Day 2017: Feng Zhang’s speech : https://youtu.be/UedmjollafY via @YouTube

image

– Feng Zhang named James and Patricia Poitras Professor in NeuroscienceCRISPR pioneer named to inaugural chair created by Patricia and James Poitras ‘63, founders of MIT’s Poitras Center for Affective Disorders Research:  http://news.mit.edu/2017/feng-zhang-named-james-and-patricia-poitras-professor-of-neuroscience-0113

– 2018 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience: http://kavliprize.org/prizes-and-laureates/prizes/2018-kavli-prize-nanoscience

image

– “for the invention of CRISPR-Cas9, a precise nanotool for editing DNA,  causing a revolution in biology, agriculture, and medicine.”: http://kavliprize.org/sites/default/files/%25nid%25/prize_overview_attachemnts/TKP%202018%20Nanoscience_citation.pdf

– Science explains: CRISPR diagnostics: https://youtu.be/22F85FOAyik

image

En 2019, le pas de géant de la thérapie génique – France 24: https://www.france24.com/fr/20191205-en-2019-le-pas-de-géant-de-la-thérapie-génique

How to biohack your cells to fight cancer – Greg Foot https://youtu.be/Mt5C5fhuU_0 via @YouTube

AI

Artificial Intelligence

What a surprise to find a comic strip on Artificial Intelligence written by somebody called Montaigne!: Marion Montaigne présente l’Intelligence artificielle: https://youtu.be/DtdoNksCtmE

Indeed, Montaigne discusses in the Essays whether the savages found mainly in Brazil are human beings or not and whether they should be considered humans, the way the barbarians in Ancient Greece have been finally recognised as such. As it is growing more and more difficult to recognise an artificial intelligence from a human being; I think reconsidering this classic is relevant as it challenges again human identity.

The Montaigne Chap XXX: Of Cannibals: https://www.gutenberg.org/files/3600/3600-h/3600-h.htm#link2HCH0030

Montaigne et la condition humaine – France Inter : https://www.franceinter.fr/emissions/un-ete-avec-montaigne/un-ete-avec-montaigne-06-juillet-2012

This was also discussed in the Dispute in Valladolid movie: http://www.lacontroversedevalladolid.fr/resume-detaille-de-la-controverse-de-valladolid
or by Descartes with his concepts of “cogito, ergo sum”, or “machina animata”.

Les robots méritent-ils d’avoir des droits ? Que se passerait-il s’ils devenaient conscients ?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHyUYg8X31c

The National Geopgraphic’s point of view: http://press.nationalgeographic.com/2017/03/02/national-geographic-magazine-april-2017/

From the conquistadors until now the concept of humanity has evolved. On the other hand, what is common to humanity, at each step, from the cannibals till now; is some human beings’ will to build weapons to kill others.  Each time a new science has risen, some people have tried to find out how to use it to kill (physics, biology, chemistry and now AI).

“AI technology has reached a point where the deployment of [autonomous weapons] is – practically if not legally – feasible within years, not decades, and the stakes are high: autonomous weapons have been described as the third revolution in warfare, after gunpowder and nuclear arms.” – The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/jul/27/musk-wozniak-hawking-ban-ai-autonomous-weapons

The Palais des Nations is a place where diplomats and United Nations experts meet to talk about war and peace. The room on the bottom part of the picture is one of the rooms where they are debating. They are currently discussing thoroughly about these new lethal weapons nicknamed Terminator and the future we want.

RedCross – Machines can’t follow the rules of war. Only humans can: https://twitter.com/ICRC/status/998187585724932096

UN Experts : Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems
https://www.unog.ch/80256EE600585943/(httpPages)/F027DAA4966EB9C7C12580CD0039D7B5?OpenDocument

Wikipedia – Lethal Autonomous Weapon: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lethal_autonomous_weapon

Some scientists, businessmen, leaders and inventors have decided to write an Open Letter on AI in order to warn people about the limits and risks of the new technologies:

Future of life Institute: https://futureoflife.org/ai-open-letter
Wikipedia – Open Letter on AI:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Letter_on_Artificial_Intelligence

Writers have also thought about robots and artificial intelligence. Isaac Asimov is the master of the genre.

The International Labour Organization, a UN organization, is actually debating about the future of work we want. How do we want machines to change the way we work? For example, some imagine a world where machines would work for human beings in cooperatives enabling citizens to have a basic income.

ILO on future of work: http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/future-of-work/lang–en/index.htm

AI is constantly evolving, AI is booming now.

Ted Talks, How we teach computers to understand pictures | Fei Fei Li: https://youtu.be/40riCqvRoMs

MIT AI index : http://aiindex.org

How are we going to manage this boom?

image
image

SanFrancisco says it will use AI to reduce bias when charging people with crimes:
https://www.theverge.com/2019/6/12/18663093/ai-sf-district-attorney-police-bias-race-charge-crime?utm_campaign=theverge&utm_content=entry&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter

 

#demainlefilm: https://www.demain-lefilm.com/en/film
The award-winning globally acclaimed film, Tomorrow, by Cyrril Dion and Mélanie Laurent. Trailer: https://youtu.be/NUN0QxRB7e0

Demain présenté à la COP 21 – L’Express:
http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/societe/environnement/demain-le-road-movie-citoyen-de-melanie-laurent-est-presente-a-la-cop-21_1741493.html

Annonce de l’accord de Paris: https://youtu.be/F0EZPC0gka8

L’UFC-Que choisir dénonce les « marges exorbitantes » de la grande distribution sur les fruits et légumes bio – Le Monde :‬ http://mobile.lemonde.fr/economie/article/2017/08/29/la-grande-distribution-fait-ses-choux-gras-du-bio_5177856_3234.html

French actress Mélanie Laurent steps behind the camera for ‘Tomorrow,’ an environmental doc that offers solutions – LA Times: http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/movies/la-et-mn-melanie-laurent-tomorrow-20170419-story.html

 

image

The book.

Original soundtrack (Frederika Stahl): https://www.demain-lefilm.com/en/original-soundtrack

#demainlefilm: https://www.demain-lefilm.com

Demain présenté à la COP 21:
http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/societe/environnement/demain-le-road-movie-citoyen-de-melanie-laurent-est-presente-a-la-cop-21_1741493.html

Annonce de l’accord de Paris: https://youtu.be/F0EZPC0gka8

“Demain”, un phénomène de société –  Le Monde:
http://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2016/02/03/demain-un-phenomene-de-societe_4858559_3244.html

Les marges du bio en grande distribution – Le Monde :‬ http://mobile.lemonde.fr/economie/article/2017/08/29/la-grande-distribution-fait-ses-choux-gras-du-bio_5177856_3234.html


image

Demain le livre

Bande originale (Frederika Stahl): https://www.demain-lefilm.com/bande-originale