Yes to educational freedom for all

Teachers, pupils, parents, administration; how many are the people deeply disappointed with education? How many people lack access to education because they are too young or too old, or because they are just not fitting in the school system? How many  times do we hear “I had a hard blow so suddenly I had to stop studying”?

Why should one only be allowed to learn at a certain age? Children have a more malleable brain and therefore have a priority to have the right to rise. However, the success of the “Open Universities” and the popular universities as well as the programs of validations of the acquired experience or training throughout life prove that there is a real demand and a real need  to educate whatever the career and age.

But, if someone is not fitting in the school system so well, should he be excluded from learning? Therapies must be accessible to anyone with a disability or a difficulty. Pedagogy must also adapt to them. In the documentary Tomorrow, the Finnish teacher interviewed says: “There is not a good method, there are plenty of them.” It is not for the weaker ones to adapt, but the reverse if we do not want to arrive at extreme situations where despair can lead to violence towards others or most often towards oneself. Welcome them, let us adapt to them and we will enrich ourselves. For example, it has been shown that teachers dealing with autistic students significantly improve their communication skills. If these teachers return to mixed groups, their students learn faster because the teacher expresses himself better. (This is also demonstrated in companies, when an autist works there the communication of all other employees is also improving).

Is education accessible to all, regardless of age, gender, social background or disability, a utopia? Would it cost more? Do we want to give ourselves the means to defend it?

To answer these questions, it seems essential to look at the different educational systems of the world and to compare their results. PISA of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is the most reliable instrument currently to do so.

– Use data to build better schools – Andreas Schleicher – Ted Talks: https://youtu.be/7Xmr87nsl74

– How Canada became an education superpower – BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/business-40708421

“Within three years of arriving, the Pisa tests show the children of new migrants have scores as high as the rest of their schoolmates.”

It is clear that the money spent on education is no longer a determining factor to guarantee its success. The best of the class, Korea, Finland and Canada have common points: an important salary allocated to the professors, the valorisation of their professional competences, a system of mutual aid, no dirigism and a total educational freedom to reach the clear objectives fixed by the Society. Only the results are monitored and when a teacher doesn’t manage his job, their superiors seek to help him, to find solutions to solve the problems he’s got.

In the OECD reports, another fact is striking (https://data.oecd.org/en/education.htm). Longer hours of class do not necessarily lead to better results. Finland with four hours a day manages to be at the top of the ranking.

– Four hours a day in class – and success – Newsroom: https://www.newsroom.co.nz/2018/06/07/114822/four-hours-a-day-in-class-and-success#

It reminds me of my father, who told me that when he was a child in Uruguay, the school was divided into three groups: a morning group, an early afternoon group, and a late afternoon group. This helped to minimise costs. He played football with his mates the rest of the day. This did not prevent him from pursuing advanced studies in French and in France. This recipe extremely simple and accessible to all.

Maria Montessori explained that in adolescence in particular, the priority of the young person is to learn social relations. Sports and nature outings seem much more instructive for teens than forcing them to sit down for a long time. Most adults would not stand it. In addition, neuroscience has recently shown that the pre-frontal cortex of adolescents is not completed (it will be on average around 25 years old) and that the sport generates growth hormones that also develop the brain. So where is the problem?

Finally, nowadays, a traditional school is no longer the only option for raising a population.

Take the case of Peru. The I.L.O. (International Labor Office) has launched a program “One iPad One revolver”. This program has met great success, many people have made the exchange and today the crime has dropped drastically while the population is more educated.

– One laptop per child: http://one.laptop.org/stories

The population today has other access to education than school, internet of course; especially if courses are filmed and put online (for example as the prestigious Stanford University, USA: https://youtu.be/dYZrA-NSsaU), but also libraries, associations, travels, etc. And knowledge about brain development keep increasing …

Allowing people to educate themselves when possible, with the resources that are right for them, leaves it to the public authorities only to provide care to those with disabilities and to give a helping hand when students feel in trouble. The human being is naturally curious and each individual is best placed to know what suits him. He just needs information about what exists and to be guided when he feels lost in the meanders of knowledge or learning. There is no need to force it. Only to give him access to resources, to accompany him, to set goals and to control that they have reached.

– Unesco different pedagogies: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002431/243126e.pdf

The United Nations defines global education goals by 2030. It must focus on sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, the promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence , global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity.

– Global Education Monitoring Report 2016 – UNESCO. https://eccnetwork.net/wp-content/uploads/Benavot-Aron-GEM-Textbook-content.pdf

Ignorance must die that knowledge live! Love understanding of others! Love mutual help! Love freedom!

Oui à la liberté pédagogique pour tous

Profs, élèves, parents, administration; combien de personnes profondément déçues par l’éducation? Combien de personnes privées d’accès à l’éducation parce qu’ils sont trop jeunes ou trop vieux, ou parce qu’ils ne sont pas “dans le moule”? Combien de “J’ai eu un coup dur et du coup j’ai du arrêter les études”?

Pourquoi n’aurait-on le droit de s’instruire qu’à un certain âge? Les enfants ont un cerveau plus malléable et ont donc de fait une priorité pour avoir le droit de s’élever. Cependant, le succès des “Open Universities” et des universités populaires ainsi que les programmes de validations des acquis de l’expérience ou de formation tout au long de la vie prouvent qu’il y a une réelle demande et un réel besoin de s’éduquer quelque soit son parcours et son âge.

Mais, si on est moins conforme, doit-on être pour autant exclu de l’enseignement? Les thérapies doivent être accessibles à toute personne handicapée ou en difficulté. La pédagogie doit également s’adapter à eux. Dans le film documentaire Demain, le professeur finnois interviewé dit: “Il n’y a pas une bonne méthode, il y en a plein.” Ce ne sont pas aux plus faibles à s’adapter mais bien l’inverse si l’on ne veut pas arriver à des situations extrêmes ou le désespoir peut mener à des violences envers les autres ou le plus souvent envers soi-même. Accueillons-les, adaptons-nous à eux et c’est nous qui nous enrichirons! Il est par exemple démontré que les enseignants s’occupant d’élèves autistes améliorent considérablement leur compétences de communication. Si ces enseignants retournent dans des groupes mélangés, leurs élèves apprennent plus vite car l’enseignant s’exprime mieux. (Cela est également démontré dans les entreprises, quand un autiste y travaille la communication de tous les autres employés s’améliore également.)

Une éducation accessible à tous, quelque soit l’âge, le sexe, le milieu social  ou le handicap, est-ce une utopie? Est-ce que ça coûterait plus cher? Est-ce qu’on veut se donner les moyens de la défendre?

Pour répondre à ces questions, il paraît essentiel de regarder les différents systèmes éducatifs du monde et de comparer leurs résultats. PISA de L’Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Economique (OCDE) est l’instrument le plus fiable actuellement pour le faire.

Use data to build better schools – Andreas Schleicher – Ted Talks: https://youtu.be/7Xmr87nsl74

How Canada became an education superpower – BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/business-40708421

“Within three years of arriving, the Pisa tests show the children of new migrants have scores as high as the rest of their schoolmates.”

Il apparaît nettement que l’argent consacré à l’éducation n’est plus un facteur déterminant pour garantir son succès. Les meilleurs de la classe, Corée, Finlande et Canada ont des points communs: un salaire important alloué aux professeurs, la valorisation de leurs compétences professionnelles, un système d’entraide, pas de dirigisme et une totale liberté pédagogique pour atteindre les objectifs clairs fixés par la société. Seuls les résultats sont contrôlés et quand un enseignant pose problème, leurs supérieurs cherchent à les aider, à chercher des solutions pour régler les problèmes.

Dans les rapports de l’OCDE, un autre fait est marquant (https://data.oecd.org/fr/education.htm). Un nombre d’heures de cours plus long n’entraîne pas forcément de meilleurs résultats. La Finlande avec quatre heures par jour parvient à être en tête du classement.

Four hours a day in class – and success – Newsroom: https://www.newsroom.co.nz/2018/06/07/114822/four-hours-a-day-in-class-and-success#

Cela me rappelle mon père, qui me racontait que, quand il était petit en Uruguay, l’école était divisée en trois groupes: un groupe du matin, un groupe du début d’après-midi et un groupe de fin d’après-midi. Cela permettait de minimiser les coûts. Il jouait au football le reste de la journée. Cela ne l’a pas empêché de faire des études supérieures poussées en français et en France. Recette extrêmement simple et à la portée de tous.

Maria Montessori expliquait qu’à l’adolescence en particulier, la priorité du jeune est d’apprendre les relations sociales. Le sport et les sorties nature semblent bien plus instructives pour les adolescents que de les forcer à s’assoir sans parler et longtemps. La plupart des adultes ne le supporteraient pas. De plus, les neuro-sciences ont récemment démontré que le cortex pré-frontal des adolescents n’est pas terminé (il le sera en moyenne vers 25 ans) et que le sport génère des hormones de croissance qui développent aussi le cerveau. Alors, où est le problème?

Enfin, de nos jours, une école classique n’est plus la seule option pour élever une population.

Prenons le cas du Pérou. L’O.I.T. (Office International du travail) a lancé un programme “One iPad One revolver”. Ce programme a rencontré un vif succès, nombre de personnes ont fait l’échange et aujourd’hui la criminalité a chuté drastiquement tandis que la  population est pus éduquée.

One laptop per child: http://one.laptop.org/stories

La population a aujourd’hui d’autres accès à l’éducation que l’école, internet bien sûr; surtout si des cours sont filmés et mis en ligne (par exemple comme le fait la prestigieuse université de Stanford, USA: https://youtu.be/dYZrA-NSsaU), mais aussi les bibliothèques, les associations, les voyages, etc. Et les connaissances sur le développement du cerveau ne font qu’augmenter…

Permettre à tous de s’éduquer quand cela est possible, avec les ressources qui sont adaptées pour eux, ne laisse aux pouvoirs publics qu’à apporter des soins à ceux qui ont des handicaps et à donner des coups de pouce quand les élèves se sentent en difficulté. L’être humain est naturellement curieux et chaque individu est le mieux placé pour savoir ce qui lui convient. Il a juste besoin d’information sur ce qui existe et d’être guidé quand il se sent perdu dans les méandres de la connaissance ou de l’apprentissage. Il n’y a pas besoin de le forcer. Seulement de lui donner accès aux ressources, de l’accompagner, de lui fixer des objectifs et de contrôler qu’ils sont atteints.

Unesco different pedagogies: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002431/243126e.pdf

Les Nations-Unies définissent les objectifs mondiaux d’éducation d’ici 2030. Ils doivent se concentrer sur les modes de vie durables, les droits humains, l’égalité des sexes, la promotion d’une culture de paix et de non-violence, la citoyenneté mondiale et l’appréciation de la diversité culturelle.

Global Education Monitoring Report 2016 – UNESCO. https://eccnetwork.net/wp-content/uploads/Benavot-Aron-GEM-Textbook-content.pdf

Vive le savoir! Vive la connaissance! Vive la compréhension des autres! Vive l’entraide! Vive la liberté!

Trump’s shadows

Elections – The Electoral College Was Designed To Prevent Trump. You Can Make This Happen – The Huffington Post: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/douglas-anthony-cooper/the-electoral-college-was_b_12897066.html

Elections – What has happened – Status threat, not economic hardship, explains the 2016 presidential vote – Academy of science: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2018/04/18/1718155115

Elections – Recounting a day of rage, hate, violence and death – How a rally of white nationalists and supremacists at the University of Virginia turned into a “tragic, tragic weekend.” – Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2017/local/charlottesville-timeline/?utm_term=.55cd0e3906a2

“Ambition must be made to counteract ambition” – Checks and balances – Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federalist_No._51

Justice – What is done with efficiency – Special Counsel investigation – Wikipedia : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_Counsel_investigation_(2017–present)

Justice – Over 100 Charges, 19 People and 3 Companies: The Mueller Inquiry, Explained – NY Times : https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/23/us/politics/mueller-investigation-charges.html

Justice – A Higher Loyalty by James Comey – review – The Guardian : https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/apr/22/a-higher-loyalty-truth-lies-and-leadership-by-james-comey-book-review

Allied countries – Head of states and International Organisations should react more clearly when Donald Trump Withdraw the United States from international treaties such as the Paris agreement on Climate, NAFTA, UNESCO or the Iran peace treaty.

Allied countries – Donald Trump, Dealbreaker – The Atlantic: https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/10/donald-trump-dealbreaker/542730/

Media – John Oliver’s ‘Donald Drumpf’ jokes play on the same ugly xenophobia Trump does – Washington post : https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2016/03/03/john-olivers-donald-drumpf-jokes-play-on-the-same-ugly-xenophobia-trump-does/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.d5f0dc616653

Media – What has been done in the past – All President’s men – Wikipedia : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_the_President%27s_Men_(film)

image

All the President’s Men 

Media – What I learned investigating Nixon, and why it matters now – Bob Woodward – TedXMidAtlantic: https://youtu.be/sPQETCpI-dw

 

Hurricane Harvey: 5 ways social media saved lives in Texashttp://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/opinion/the-conversation/sd-hurricane-harvey-5-ways-social-media-helped-rescue-efforts-20170828-htmlstory.html

 

Texans’ do-it-ourselves rescue effort defines Hurricane Harvey – Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/texans-do-it-ourselves-rescue-effort-defines-hurricane-harvey/2017/09/02/f41bb8ee-8f2f-11e7-8df5-c2e5cf46c1e2_story.html?utm_term=.0064029c0645

 

Google crisis map shows you where all the Hurricane Irma shelters are – Metro: http://metro.co.uk/2017/09/08/google-crisis-map-shows-you-where-all-the-hurricane-irma-shelters-are-6912984/

 

Google Maps will mark road closures in real time in Florida ahead of Hurricane Irma – The Verge: https://www.theverge.com/2017/9/7/16266674/hurricane-irma-google-maps-real-time-closed-roads

Configure your computer to use Domain Name Servers that filter inappropriate websites: https://support.opendns.com/hc/en-us/articles/228007127-FamilyShield-Computer-Configuration-Instructions

Enable Youtube restricted mode and Google safe search: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/174084?co=GENIE.Platform%3DDesktop&hl=enhttps://support.google.com/websearch/answer/510?co=GENIE.Platform%3DAndroid&hl=en

Use an ad and tracking blocker: https://adblockplus.org/

Remove Youtube comments, suggestions and other annoyance: https://youtube.adblockplus.me


But may be, adults need protection too…

http://uk.businessinsider.com/facebook-raises-duplicate-fake-account-estimates-q3-earnings-2017-11?r=US&IR=T

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/11/23/facebook-tell-users-much-russian-fake-news-have-exposed

http://www.wired.co.uk/article/brexit-russia-influence-twitter-bots-internet-research-agency

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/nov/15/falling-for-the-joke-the-risk-of-using-twitter-as-a-news-source

How is this possible?: https://www.techrepublic.com/article/beware-of-the-bots-how-theyre-created-and-why-they-matter

How to use Apple’s new Screen Time and App Limits features in iOS 12 – The Verge: https://www.theverge.com/2018/9/17/17870126/ios-12-screen-time-app-limits-downtime-features-how-to-use

Nintendo Switch parental controls: https://youtu.be/7BRjdHI7yEM

Use utilities like YouTube kids and Google kids.


Quelle liberté d’expression voulons-nous?

What kind of free speech do we want?

“If the freedom of speech is taken away then dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep to the slaughter”. George Washington

“La liberté d’expression appartient à tous, non à quelques-uns, qui l’outragent”. Raoul Vaneigem