War and Peace at the UN

In 1961, Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld’s plane, which wanted to establish a UN right of interference in Katanga (Congo), crashed. The square in front of the General Secretariat in New York still bears his name.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/12/former-raf-pilot-shot-down-un-chief-dag-hammarskjold-1961-plane

http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/dag/time1960.htm

The project to establish a right of interference falls through. This means that the UN cannot intervene when a conflict occurs within a country. It can only intervene when one country declares war on another.
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paix#Paix_international_international

The UN is therefore not intervening, or too late, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Chechnya or Syria.
https://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/mav/49/VIDAL/55555

In cases such as Haiti or East Timor, the UN intervenes when it is an internal conflict. This is because there is no commercial interest that puts pressure on the presidents of the USA, France, Russia, China and the United Kingdom. This is important because they are the ones who are part of the security council.
https://www.cairn.info/revue-pouvoirs-2004-2-page-111.htm

Bernard Kouchner relaunches the idea of the UN’s right of interference. He has not enough support and the idea falls through again.
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Kouchner#Devoir_d’ing%C3%A9rence

Several conflicts erupt without the UN intervening or, on the contrary, making the situation worse. This makes the institution less credible. Horrible massacres such as in Sebrenica or Aleppo are taking place.
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/srebrenica-20-years-after-the-genocide-the-dutch-peacekeepers-still-haunted-by-memories-of-the-10378913.html

https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2018/03/30/la-tragedie-syrienne-sera-t-elle-le-tombeau-des-nations-unies_5278740_3232.html

So why do I still have confidence and why do I have my hopes for the UN?

Since the creation of the UN, the risk of dying from violent aggression has collapsed. The number of countries that have declared war to another has also fallen. The number of injured, maimed and dead is much lower in internal conflicts than in conflicts between countries.

It is a fact that peace has progressed thanks to the UN: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/battle-related-deaths-in-state-based-conflicts-since-1946-by-world-region

The very idea of the duty of interference is gradually gaining ground in the face of state sovereignty. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Souverainet%C3%A9#Les_limites_%C3%A0_la_souverainet%C3%A9_issues_of_intergovernmental_organizations

But the UN does much more for peace, helping people to live better.

The results on child labour, slavery and women’s rights are staggering. No one can deny the effectiveness of WHO, which has been directly involved in the eradication of certain diseases. Who could criticize UNICEF?

https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/various-measures-of-child-labour-incidence

https://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/legal-slavery/

https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/women-married-by-age-18?tab=chart

https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/life-expectancy-globally-since-1770

https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/decade-in-which-smallpox-ceased-to-be-endemic-by-country

https://mobile.twitter.com/melindagates/status/981236431770157057

The introduction of indicators has served as a lever for States to face up to their real actions, and not those of their propaganda.

The UN is effective. The UN is still in its infancy.

Some are frustrated because they do not intervene in internal conflicts; let us mobilize to ask for interference!

Let us also ask the institution to measure the progress of democracy through a popular initiative referendum indicator (e.g. how many there have been, results respected): https://sdg-tracker.org

The current UN Secretary General is a man of courage who fought against the Salazar dictatorship in Portugal. He will surely listen to the requests made to him. With popular support, it will be easier for him to convince the powerful ones: http://inthesetimes.com/article/19820/united-nations-secretary-general-antonio-guterres-refugees-multiculturalism

Giving priority to peace also means making better use of public money by freeing the institutions from lobbies which press for their commercial interests, before peace is established: https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/09/24/peacekeeping-cant-be-done-on-the-cheap-united-nations-secretary-general-antonio-guterres

http://www.climatechangenews.com/2018/09/10/secretary-general-throw-entire-un-fight-suicidal-emissions

It is very important for the UN to have people who support them. We are not the only ones. More and more groups around the world are pushing to help bring about this popular referendum project in the face of the increasingly autocratic trend of “liberal democracies”. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is concerned about these issues.

V-DEM is a department of the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. It officially provides indicators and statistics for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 16 (related to peace, justice and strong institutions).

The V-DEM Annual Report 2017: https://www.v-dem.net/media/filer_public/91/14/9114ff4a-357e-4296-911a-6bb57bcc6827/v-dem_annualreport2017.pdf

The UN has already collaborated in 2015 with the V-DEM cabinet to consider the measurement of the referendum on popular initiative. V-DEM provided statistics for the SDG in 2015 in a very technical report: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/43561144.pdf

This index measures:

(1) the ease with which each type of popular vote can be initiated and approved, and

(2) the importance of this vote (if approved).

The ease of initiation is measured by:

(a) the existence of a process of direct democracy,

(b) the number of signatures required; and

© the time limits for collecting signatures.

The ease of approval is measured by the quorums relating to domain names in :

(a) participation,

(b) approval,

© the supermajority, and

(d) a majority of the district.

With regard to the importance of the vote, it examines its decisive nature (whether the decision is binding or not) and the threatening capacity of direct democracy mechanisms at the initiative of citizens, measured by the frequency with which direct popular votes have been used and approved in the past. Finally, the study tests the validity of the new measure, discussing its strengths and limitations.

The next revision of the indicators of SDG 16 (Peaceful and inclusive societies) will be in July 2019 with the opportunity to include the direct democracy indicator. If the project does not pass, the next chance to ask for a referendum on a citizens’ initiative at the UN will be in 2030.

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/hlpf/2018


Petition to the UN in accordance with the sustainable development objective n°16 “peace, justice and strong institutions” (https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/fr/ …), for the Popular Initiative Referendum: sign here: http://chng.it/TXCknMhm and forward it to your friends.


Is the world getting better or worse? A look at the numbers | StevenPinker |TEDTalks | https://youtu.be/yCm9Ng0bbEQ  

How We Can Make the World a Better Place by 2030 | MichaelGreen | TEDTalks: https://t.co/BnGtJVraZx

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 377: https://youtu.be/AkTTpreLvNg


联合国的战争与和平: https://tmblr.co/ZprwNe2fXt8n2

Война и мир в ООН: https://tmblr.co/ZprwNe2fY02kx

Guerre et Paix à l’ONU:  https://tmblr.co/ZprwNe2fWTBUA

L’ONU interdit à la France l’usage des grenades et lanceurs de balles car cette violence d’Etat dissuade les gens de manifester pacifiquement.

Rights of ‘gilets jaunes’ protesters in France, ‘disproportionately curtailed’, say UN independent experts | UN News

https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/02/1032741


Si vous avez la chance d’être protégé par votre statut ou votre pays, vous avez le devoir de vous servir: http://chng.it/DHtc8HMV

Main tendue: https://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/181769674190/main-tendue-appel-à-la-poursuite-de-la-lutte

Les rouges et les jaunes: https://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/181545667825/les-rouges-et-les-jaunes-foulards-rouges-contre

Le levier économique: https://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/181291168120/le-levier-économique-charles-stewart-parnell

Successful protesters: https://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/181195356610/successful-protesters-lets-have-a-quick-look-back

Je veux briller:https://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/181712917330/mes-hormones-veulent-de-ladmiration-je-veux

A helping hand – Call for the pursuit of the fight

Dear promoters of direct democracy, from all countries,

First of all, congratulations to those who continue the fight in the field and from their places, each according to their means. A thought also for all the victims of violence, whatever their side.

Many good actions such as boycotts, road toll lifts, blockages of the most powerful hypermarkets and extraordinary coordination without a leader in power. We managed to make them shiver. The people are regaining their rights effectively.

On the other hand, there are also far too many demonstrators in the city centres and in the places of power. For my part, I understand the latter, but I think that unfortunately this is falling into a trap. The State is a fuse box, it is there to take the blows in the place of the owners of multinational companies (e. g. Total, Auchan, Carrefour, Vinci) who have the reality of power in most countries of the world. Head of states and ministers draw anger at them with provocations. So, we march through the city, we take prefectures and ministries. For what purpose? What is the cost for those who fall victim to the many police officers still loyal to power? Where’s the lever? The damage will be repaired with our taxes, nothing more. The real perpetrators of state corruption are even less concerned. These actions allow them to live normally.

Political power is a fuse box. What will happen when the head of state or the ruling party, having focused all the hatred on him, resigns, self-dissolves, followed by elections to choose the next fuse? Months lost, false hopes for change and a loss of momentum in the struggles.

This message is a call to focus on actions that can lead the government’s financiers to ask their elected puppets to accept our demand to adopt the referendum on popular initiative in the constitution. Here are some of the proposals:

– Continue to lift road tolls.

– Block as much as possible access to the country’s two or three largest hypermarkets stores.

– Advocate for prosecutors who are independent of the government and locally elected. The crimes of the financiers in power, elected officials and their bullies must no longer be dismissed without consequences. With the ability of prosecutors to seize Interpol, these often highly mobile white-collar criminals will no longer have a country to hide and enjoy their money.

– Demand an amnesty law for whistle-blowers. Yes, many finance workers have been involved in corruption, our impoverishment and people poisoning, but we have everything to gain from those who want to defect and expose the crimes of their employers or colleagues. We have seen, for example, with the Panama Papers, implant files, Snowden, Assange, Chelsea Manning, etc., that some financial insiders really want to participate in democratic struggles and bring down the oligarchy.

– Call on the United Nations to promote direct democracy in our countries. We all know that the United Nations cannot impose it, but it can measure and promote it. In fact, it cannot deny to apply what is in its founding texts. Even a dictator doesn’t like to be pointed at. International organizations can be valuable allies. It is a reality that the UN, despite all its past failure and our frustrations, have advanced peace by drastically reducing wars between countries, reducing child labour by nine tenth, and defeating the greatest diseases in history, such as smallpox. They are doing their job, do not confuse them with the European Union.

To all of us, keep having courage, we have every reason to be proud of the work done so far, victory may be unlikely, but it is possible if we use our anger for our own ends and not in the service of the opponents of democracy.


Pour lire ceci en français: https://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/181769674190/main-tendue-appel-à-la-poursuite-de-la-lutte

Petition to the UN for the Popular Initiative Referendum in accordance with Sustainable Development Goal 16 “Peace, justice and strong institutions” (https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg16), for the referendum on the Citizenship Initiative: sign here: http://chng.it/TXCknMhm via Change and pass on to your friends:-)


My hormones want admirationhttps://tmblr.co/ZprwNe2fGP4AT

The Red and the Yellowhttps://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/181554498725/the-red-and-the-yellow-red-scarves-against-yellow

Successful protesters: https://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/181195356610/ successful-protesters-lets-have-a-quick-look-back

The leader – we?https://aurianneor.tumblr.com/post/181677923775/the-leader-we

L’ONU interdit à la France l’usage des grenades et lanceurs de balles car cette violence d’Etat dissuade les gens de manifester pacifiquement.

Rights of ‘gilets jaunes’ protesters in France, ‘disproportionately curtailed’, say UN independent experts | UN News

https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/02/1032741

Petition to the UN in accordance with sustainable development goals #16 “peace, justice and strong institutions” (https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg16 ), for the Popular Initiative Referendum 

Sign here: http://chng.it/7ZyzgZRB and then forward it!

Pour une action au niveau de la France, il existe cette pétition: Pour un Référendum d’Initiative Citoyenne: https://www.change.org/p/pour-un-référendum-d-initiative-citoyenne?signed=true

Parlez-en à vous amis 😉

L’article à lire pour comprendre le référendum populaire, l’une des revendications des “gilets jaunes” France Info ‪https://www.francetvinfo.fr/economie/transports/gilets-jaunes/l-article-a-lire-pour-comprendre-le-referendum-populaire-l-une-des-revendications-des-gilets-jaunes_3093737.html ‬

Peaceful environment for privileged people or efficient people who manage to live peacefully together and become priviledged?


Ce pour quoi on travaille, ça compte.

Environnement paisible pour des personnes privilégiées ou pour des personnes efficaces qui parviennent à vivre ensemble en paix et deviennent privilégiées?


Le travail doit être placé au-dessus de toutes les luttes de concurrence. Il n’est pas une marchandise.

Ma vie est mon message. My life is my work.

– Vers la paix perpétuelle, Kant – Wikipedia: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vers_la_paix_perpétuelle

– Institut Pandore – L’une des plus puissantes techniques de manipulation mentale : l’Ennemi Communhttps://www.institut-pandore.com/mentalisme/technique-manipulation-ennemi-commun/

Maintien de la paix – Nations-Unies: http://www.un.org/fr/peacekeeping/

– Basta! – Ces pays vendeurs d’armes qui profitent bien de l’instabilité du monde et du regain des tensionshttps://www.bastamag.net/Ces-pays-vendeurs-d-armes-qui-profitent-bien-de-l-instabilite-du-monde-et-du

– Non-violence (Reuterswärd): https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-violence_(Reuterswärd)

– The Night Manager – novel – Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Night_Manager

– Beatles’ album, Revolver https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolver_(Beatles_album)

Imagine – John Lennon and The Plastic Ono Band: https://youtu.be/YkgkThdzX-8

“Aussi longtemps que les hommes vivent sans un pouvoir commun qui les tient en respect, ils sont dans cette condition qui se nomme guerre, la guerre de chacun contre chacun.”  Thomas Hobbes – Léviathan .

  • American made
image

– Iran–Contra affair: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran–Contra_affair

American made film: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Made_(film)

  • The Night Manager (novel)
image

The Night Manager – novel – Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Night_Manager

– United States involvement in regime change – Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_involvement_in_regime_change

  • Air America 
image

Air America (airline), a former civilian airline operated by the Central Intelligence Agency: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_America_(airline)

Air America (film), a 1990 film adaptation of Robbins’ book: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_America_(film)

  • Apocalypse Now
image

– Operation Menu: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Menu

– Apocalypse Now – Wikipedia : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apocalypse_Now

  • UN laws on wars
image

– Settling Disputes Between States: http://www.un.org/en/sections/what-we-do/uphold-international-law/

– the “Uniting for Peace” resolution: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_General_Assembly_Resolution_37

  • What about dictators?

– Respect for the principles of national sovereignty and non-interference in   the internal affairs of States in their electoral processes: http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/50/ares50-172.htm