What a surprise to find a comic strip on Artificial Intelligence written by somebody called Montaigne!: Marion Montaigne présente l’Intelligence artificielle: https://youtu.be/DtdoNksCtmE
Indeed, Montaigne discusses in the Essays whether the savages found mainly in Brazil are human beings or not and whether they should be considered humans, the way the barbarians in Ancient Greece have been finally recognised as such. As it is growing more and more difficult to recognise an artificial intelligence from a human being; I think reconsidering this classic is relevant as it challenges again human identity.
The Montaigne Chap XXX: Of Cannibals: https://www.gutenberg.org/files/3600/3600-h/3600-h.htm#link2HCH0030
Montaigne et la condition humaine – France Inter : https://www.franceinter.fr/emissions/un-ete-avec-montaigne/un-ete-avec-montaigne-06-juillet-2012
This was also discussed in the Dispute in Valladolid movie: http://www.lacontroversedevalladolid.fr/resume-detaille-de-la-controverse-de-valladolid
or by Descartes with his concepts of “cogito, ergo sum”, or “machina animata”.
Les robots méritent-ils d’avoir des droits ? Que se passerait-il s’ils devenaient conscients ?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHyUYg8X31c
The National Geopgraphic’s point of view: http://press.nationalgeographic.com/2017/03/02/national-geographic-magazine-april-2017/
From the conquistadors until now the concept of humanity has evolved. On the other hand, what is common to humanity, at each step, from the cannibals till now; is some human beings’ will to build weapons to kill others. Each time a new science has risen, some people have tried to find out how to use it to kill (physics, biology, chemistry and now AI).
“AI technology has reached a point where the deployment of [autonomous weapons] is – practically if not legally – feasible within years, not decades, and the stakes are high: autonomous weapons have been described as the third revolution in warfare, after gunpowder and nuclear arms.” – The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/jul/27/musk-wozniak-hawking-ban-ai-autonomous-weapons
The Palais des Nations is a place where diplomats and United Nations experts meet to talk about war and peace. The room on the bottom part of the picture is one of the rooms where they are debating. They are currently discussing thoroughly about these new lethal weapons nicknamed Terminator and the future we want.
RedCross – Machines can’t follow the rules of war. Only humans can: https://twitter.com/ICRC/status/998187585724932096
UN Experts : Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems
Wikipedia – Lethal Autonomous Weapon: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lethal_autonomous_weapon
Some scientists, businessmen, leaders and inventors have decided to write an Open Letter on AI in order to warn people about the limits and risks of the new technologies:
Future of life Institute: https://futureoflife.org/ai-open-letter
Wikipedia – Open Letter on AI: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Letter_on_Artificial_Intelligence
Writers have also thought about robots and artificial intelligence. Isaac Asimov is the master of the genre.
The International Labour Organization, a UN organization, is actually debating about the future of work we want. How do we want machines to change the way we work? For example, some imagine a world where machines would work for human beings in cooperatives enabling citizens to have a basic income.
ILO on future of work: http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/future-of-work/lang–en/index.htm
AI is constantly evolving, AI is booming now.
Ted Talks, How we teach computers to understand pictures | Fei Fei Li: https://youtu.be/40riCqvRoMs
MIT AI index : http://aiindex.org
How are we going to manage this boom?
SanFrancisco says it will use AI to reduce bias when charging people with crimes: